简单的解释:单位(人)老美的数据是千,把后面三个零补上了……

1st – 12th grade:类似于1-12年级

其中1-5 grade 是美国的小学教育,6-8 grade 是中学教育,9-12 grade 是高中教育

bachelor’s degree:代表高等教育学历,可以理解为我们的本科学历,一般四年毕业

associate degree:社区大学学位,约等于我们的专科学历吧,一般两年毕业

ps:如果大家细看性别数据表格,在研究生和学士学位中,女性数量占比是高于男性的,在博士学位中,男性数量要高于女性

数据来源:https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2019/demo/educational-attainment/cps-detailed-tables.html

数据发布于:2020年3月30日

 TotalNone1st - 4th grade5th - 6th grade7th - 8th grade9th grade10th grade11th grade 2High school graduateSome college, no degreeAssociate's degree, occupationalAssociate's degree, academicBachelor's degreeMaster's degreeProfessional degreeDoctoral degree
Both Sexes
. 18 years and over250563834146931633413360439581011870947450281038114168533122245931504557
.. 18 to 24 years290856657521012405623508868810338641117133752451428
. 25 years and over2214787691412311133123365339766116225934690974112998499372221431364529
.. 25 to 29 years23277724111213223325466760894243978143868231803171221
.. 30 to 34 years219324277212223250275675554932871018130559042294360461
.. 35 to 39 years2144363118274229390343598518429841009126555152643299530
.. 40 to 44 years195847610733929336725855049902737834121546712361330455
.. 45 to 49 years203457511433426834225158952993000935132747852229313484
.. 50 to 54 years203556210229827433527066558313059936127044922075295393
.. 5 5 to 59 years2116354151347283311366700637433701007130743481908266370
.. 6 0 to 64 years205926514031828927331864064233223924135540511867329375
.. 6 5 to 69 years173566812124326425127843949273042776100934951775262404
.. 7 0 to 74 years14131551431682471782613834130234655676526931560240405
.. 75 years and over213011372984668094355227057462339876774031601699271431
Male
. 18 years and over1213014107431653165317692014537736076215004809594925206972118272596
.. 18 to 24 years14605323829471482911928481949093215011421100716
. 25 years and over1066953787051624160716211723344931257165914488544823785962118202580
.. 25 to 29 years11792392860831231383873416222743664433027348096
.. 30 to 34 years109353941119117120155380317816324545472841858216238
.. 35 to 39 years1062933751491152171983302951151250151625661068141255
.. 40 to 44 years96285169180128184161266274013504135802136966161241
.. 45 to 49 years99933654178142188126348294014724566052070985141253
.. 50 to 54 years99302742156154159141372305715144255192072901155237
.. 5 5 to 59 years100463168214146164197388311614434845072065854162206
.. 6 0 to 64 years98191966175135111149325317114874385331949817223220
.. 6 5 to 69 years81983249115121130118211221214893353841779790184248
.. 7 0 to 74 years669110668011372119153175310992573291459769146266
.. 75 years and over903460145197353153219290272413662902851545877211321
Female
. 18 years and over12926242572615101760183619454742348722352855728220281061273813241960
.. 18 to 24 years1447934192355922711580387054293206701954145712
. 25 years and over11478339170714871705174416743162310021809952527550261511259313171948
.. 25 to 29 years1148533125249110116281267420155427953521106991125
.. 30 to 34 years10997336931061291202952372165556575830631436145223
.. 35 to 39 years1081429431251151731452682232147250774929491574158275
.. 40 to 44 years99562437158165183972842250138842163525351395170213
.. 45 to 49 years1035139601561261531262412359152747972327161244172232
.. 50 to 54 years1042535601421201761292932774154551175224201174139156
.. 5 5 to 59 years1111724831331371471693123258192752280122821054103164
.. 6 0 to 64 years1077346751431541631683153252173648682221021050106156
.. 6 5 to 69 years9158367212814312116022827151554442625171698579156
.. 7 0 to 74 years744045778813410614223123771247300436123579194138
.. 75 years and over122677715326945728330341647392033477455161482259111

提取了部分数据做了一些表格,可以参考一下吧。

亚裔人群主要包括中日韩印和中国台湾中国香港地区等等的,毫无疑问亚裔人口的受教育程度是最高的(亚裔自古以来重视教育)。西班牙裔主要是以墨西哥移民为主。

数据来源:https://www.census.gov/data/tables/2019/demo/educational-attainment/cps-detailed-tables.html

(数据来源自美国人口普查局  注:自1942年以来,美国人口普查局的总部一直设在马里兰州的苏特兰,目前拥有约4,285名员工。人口普查局是美国商务部的一部分。对就是那个整天恶心我们的那个机构2333):

Detailed years of schoolAll races Males Females 25 to 34 years old 35 to 54 years old 55 years and older White Non-Hispanic White Black Asian Hispanic
(of any race)
  
NumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercent
Total22147810010669510011478310045208100.0381727100.019454399.96173452100.0114255710027428100.011395599.9934575100.01
Elementary or High school, no diploma
Less than 1 year, no diploma7690.43780.43910.31140.32750.33790.44490.31040.11260.51521.13851.1
1st-4th grade, no diploma14120.67050.77070.61180.34400.58540.911180.61410.11190.41090.810733.1
5th-6th grade, no diploma31111.416241.514871.33240.712451.515421.626081.53140.21680.61901.424817.2
7th-8th grade, no diploma33121.516071.517051.53550.810651.31892225941.512970.93971.52201.614284.1
9th grade, no diploma33651.516211.517441.54831.114331.814491.526491.511240.83961.41771.317205
10th grade, no diploma33971.517231.616741.55291.211231.417451.924531.416451.26522.41531.19012.6
11th grade, no diploma39401.820371.919031.77751.714191.717461.927711.619301.49053.3920.79512.8
12th grade, no diploma26711.214121.312591.15661.39821.211221.218741.111310.85612.113218232.4
Elementary or High school, GED
Less than 1 year, GED330140190120140702401207020110
1st-4th grade, GED1110.1650.1460310.1290500.1800.1440130.1100.1410.1
5th-6th grade, GED480260220806033036015011000210.1
7th-8th grade, GED3030.11620.21410.1390.11030.11610.22610.22010.1270.140690.2
9th grade, GED6080.33380.32700.21280.32210.32590.34730.33930.3940.370.1950.3
10th grade, GED12140.66330.65820.52630.64210.55300.69760.68430.61430.5130.11710.5
11th grade, GED19820.9105319280.83700.880318090.915230.913060.93301.2200.22680.8
12th grade, GED14190.68480.85700.53070.75800.75320.611290.78150.62140.8220.23401
High school diploma5654225.52811926.42842424.81048123.21912423.42693728.54432325.63546424.9810529.6237217983128.4
College, no degree
Less than 1 year college, no degree4528220541.924732.29612.114101.721572.337032.131862.25722.11080.85771.7
One year of college, no degree11090551444.859455.224395.436704.549805.388505.175925.315385.62892.114064.1
Two years of college, no degree143336.569546.573796.428786.449936.164626.8108876.391406.423388.55764.119985.8
Three years of college, no degree33271.517001.616271.48501.912061.512711.325521.521281.54971.814514761.4
Four or more years of college, no degree14120.67380.76740.64020.95020.65080.510690.68710.61730.61100.82230.6
Associate's degree, vocational
Less than 1 year college, vocational/associate's3690.21650.22040.2670.21440.21580.23070.22550.2370.1140.1530.2
One year of college, vocational/associate's12630.65280.57340.62610.64490.65520.610470.68830.61280.5430.31780.5
Two years of college, vocational/associate's63412.929552.83387312232.72479326402.85148344943.27902.92251.67312.1
Three years of college, vocational/associate's8980.44040.44950.42310.53390.43290.46950.45880.41370.5330.21240.4
Four or more years of college, vocational/associate's8690.44360.44330.42140.53030.43520.46910.45870.4970.4420.31230.4
Associate's degree, academic
Less than 1 year college, academic/associate's1220.1530.1690.1250.1600.1380920.1750.1180.190.1210.1
One year of college, academic/associate's5790.32480.23310.31020.22130.32650.34270.33620.3930.3440.3770.2
Two years of college, academic/associate's91384.138183.653204.61818435234.33797472624.263884.511794.33852.810102.9
Three years of college, academic/associate's16240.76880.79360.83950.96510.85780.612750.710750.82250.8640.52360.7
Four or more years of college, academic/associate's15340.76410.68930.84050.96300.84990.512070.710000.71900.7820.62230.7
Bachelor's degree4993722.62378522.32615122.81272728.21946323.81774718.83965522.93564225454416.6465033.3452713.1
Master's degree 2222141096219125931140979.1930811.488109.3172239.91589711.221197.7243617.515324.4
Professional degree31361.418201.713171.25321.212371.513681.525581.523651.71880.73402.42090.6
Doctorate degree4529225802.419481.76821.518622.319852.13462232502.32971.16814.92430.7

群友有讨论到大学教育的意义就研究了一下,没找到好看的数据图标,就自己做了几个简单的表格,如有问题请指出。

老美情况不做评论,不过站长一直是支持我国继续提升人口素质,提高人口教育水平的。对于鼓吹学习无用论和大学无用论的大家笑笑就好啦。无论外界环境如何,无论如何争论,我们要继续支持教育投入,支持高校和一流学科的建设也非常重要。总有一天我们的大学生人口比例也能超过美国,科研成果产出也能够逐渐赶超,不畏围追堵截,不畏专利大棒,成为一个真正的创新型国家。

毕竟,科学技术是第一生产力嘛。